What does the IPCC say about flooding?

In view of the current wave of hysteria about flooding and the bogus claims from people who ought to know better, it’s timely to have a look at exactly what the IPCC has said about flooding.


In late 2011 / early 2012 the IPCC published a Special Report on Extreme Events, known as SREX for short.  This was a joint production of WG1 and WG2. Here is the statement on floods from the SREX SPM:

There is limited to medium evidence available to assess climate-driven observed changes in the magnitude and frequency of floods at regional scales because the available instrumental records of floods at gauge stations are limited in space and time, and because of confounding effects of changes in land use and engineering. Furthermore, there is low agreement in this evidence, and thus overall low confidence at the global scale regarding even the sign of these changes.

So they don’t even know whether flooding is increasing or decreasing – in which case it might have been more logical to say that there is not really any detectable change. On possible future change, they are similarly uncertain:

Projected precipitation and temperature changes imply possible changes in floods, although overall there is low confidence in projections of changes in fluvial floods.

AR5 2013

Turning now to the AR5 report, the first point to note is that the SPM does not include the word “flood” at all. There is an item in Table SPM1 on heavy precipitation events, which says there have been “likely more land areas with increases than decreases”, a less confident statement than in AR4 (“likely over most land areas”).

In the main text, flooding is discussed in chapter 2, section Here is what it says (references removed):

AR5 WGII assess floods in regional detail accounting for the fact that trends in floods are strongly influenced by changes in river management. While the most evident flood trends appear to be in northern high latitudes, where observed warming trends have been largest, in some regions no evidence of a trend in extreme flooding has been found, e.g., over Russia based on daily river discharge. Other studies for Europe and Asia show evidence for upward, downward or no trend in the magnitude and frequency of floods, so that there is currently no clear and widespread evidence for observed changes in flooding except for the earlier spring flow in snow-dominated regions.
In summary, there continues to be a lack of evidence and thus low confidence regarding the sign of trend in the magnitude and/or frequency of floods on a global scale.

Roger Pielke provided a useful summary of what the IPCC AR5 actually says about extreme events. His final are words were prophetic:  “Of course, I have no doubts that claims will still be made associating floods, drought, hurricanes and tornadoes with human-caused climate change – Zombie science – but I am declaring victory in this debate. Climate campaigners would do their movement a favor by getting themselves on the right side of the evidence.”

Rainfall data

Meanwhile, in a sequence of posts, Paul Homewood has been looking at the facts and plotting the Met Office’s own rainfall data (see for example here, here and here). It is quite clear from these graphs, and the graphs in Figure 3 of this Met Office document, that there is no trend in rainfall over the last 100 years.

Update 26 Feb:

The GWPF have produced a useful short video about the floods, the dubious claims of a climate link and the muddled statements by the Met Office on this. They also mention the IPCC SREX.

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3 thoughts on “What does the IPCC say about flooding?

  1. You forgot to mention the text from the other columns of the AR5 WG1 SPM Table SPM.1:

    “Heavy precipitation events. Increase in the frequency, intensity, and/or amount of heavy precipitation.

    Likelihood of further changes:

    Early 21st century: Likely over many land areas
    Late 21st century: Very likely over most of the mid-latitude land masses and over wet tropical regions”

  2. Thanks Richard, I am less interested in the AR5 model projections of future flooding than in actual past data. I think this is a significant difference between climate scientists and sceptics – how much weight one gives to past observational data and how much to model projections.

  3. [...] a significant difference between climate scientists and sceptics [...]

    I had to shake my head when I saw a comment from Richard at BH recently in which he asked “what is the skeptic position?” OWTTE. I would have thought that by now he might at least have figured that out for himself ;-)

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